JACQUES-YVES COUSTEAU was born 100 years ago in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, Gironde department, France, 11 June 1910. Educated at Stanislas Academy in Paris, Bachelier, 1930; Ecole Navale in Brest, France, France´s naval academy, 1933. Married Simone Melchior, 1937 (died, 1990), children: Diane, Elizabeth, Pierre-Yves Daniel, Phillipe (died, 1979). Served in the French Navy, entering as a second lieutenant, 1933; assigned to the naval base at Toulon; served as a gunnery officer, 1939-40; active in the French underground resistance; founded and became head of the French navy´s Undersea Research Group, 1946; resigned from French Navy, 1956. Co-invented the first Aqua-Lung, 1942-43; set a world´s free-diving record, 1947; founded and became president of the Campagnes Oceanographiques Francaises, 1950, and the Centre d´Etudes Marines Acancees, 1952; as scientific leader, conducted field expeditions aboard his oceanographic research vessel named Calypso, 1951-1996, Calypso II since 1996; director of the Oceanographic Institute and Museum in Monaco, 1957-88; promoted the Conshelf Saturation Dive Program, 1962; general secretary of the International Commission for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean (I.C.S.E.M.), 1966; author of numerous books since 1953; author and producer of numerous documentary films and television series; environmental advocate; inventor of turbosail system, 1985. Member: National Academy of Sciences; Academie Francaise. Recipient: Academy Awards, 1957, 1959; Cannes Film Festival, Gold Palm Award, 1959; Potts Medal of the Franklin Institute, 1970; Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1985; inducted into the Television Hall of Fame, 1987; National Geographic Society´s Centennial Award, 1988; several Emmys, the Legion of Honor.
The Silent World (with Frederic Dumas). New York: Harper, 1952
The Living Sea. (with James Dugan). New York: Harper and Row, 1963.
World Without Sun (James Dugan, editor). New York: Harper and Row, 1965The Shark: Splendid Savage of the Sea (with Phillipe Cousteau). Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1970.
Jacques Cousteau´s Amazon Journey (with Mose Richards). New York: H.N. Abrams, 1984
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